(source: https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/102/nobelium)

Bombardment of californium 252 by neutrons is described as a route to synthesising nobelium: Separation Of Californium From Other Actinides (1973).

Nobelium is mentioned, in a list of other metals, in a patent application as being a component of a welding material and a method of preparing the material: Welding material containing tungsten, molybdenum, titanium, nickel, nobelium and constantan and preparation method thereof (2017).

Niobium is mentioned, as one of the actinides, in the description of a patent application relating to a dielectric discharge device: Dielectric Body And Discharge Panel (1975).

Niobium is mentioned again (together with all of the other lanthanides and actinides)  as a chelated metal ion for use in liquid crystal displays: Displaying Of Information (1974).


All patent information has been obtained from Espacenet (European Patent Office).